MaaThota under Tribal Development Fund (TDF) supported by NABARD-APRO Hyderabad.


We opined to create sustainability at 500 families through Maathota program for their livelihoods. Certainly, it creates a hope among these communities. Moreover, green cover will also develop and it leads to ecological balance. Thus, we began concentrating on Maathota activity. We strongly believe that, this Maathota activity would bring a tremendous change among the tribal communities.

During 2010-11 we got an approval to develop horticulture at 500 acres within 7 years in G.K.Veedhi Mandal of Visakhapatnam district in Andhra Pradesh. Since then, the program is going well and already core plantation has been completed at 500 acres with Mango & Litchi. The other species such as Custard apple, Teak, Agave & Silver oak given for live fencing. For boarder crops supplied Zetrofa. In between to earn some income by these tribal farmers with the name of inter crop supplied Green gram, Black gram, Horse gram, Beans, Niger etc., based on their demand and as recommended by the Village Development committee (VDC) & suggested by the Agriculture officer, G.K.Veedhi Mandal of Visakhapatnam district.

Litchi is a new variety in the state of Andhra Pradesh and of course, more profitable and the weather is to some extent suitable to this area, in consultation with the Scientists and farmers supplied the variety. But, result is not to the expectations at its growth. Since it was a new crop, vary may be there. As a part & parcel of this program, we supplied waters bringing from hill tops through ‘Gravity system’ for drinking & irrigation. For a few fields arranged ‘Drip’ to these Mango & Litchi orchards in cooperation with the Government of Andhra Pradesh.

Soil & Moisture conservation (SMC) activity is also a part of the program. Even though there were some funds for SMC activities, we didn’t spend that amount for this purpose, but utilized such amount for Water Resource Development (WRD). It does not mean that we forgot the SMC; we did it with NREGS funds in cooperation from the wadi beneficiaries, Gram Panchayath Presidents & Mandal Development authorities.

Under this program organized several training programs on Ragi & Niger processing, Gooseberry, Broomstick making, orientation to the staff as well as volunteers. Arranged Adda leaf stitching machines for their future, since plenty of Adda leaf (Raw material) and Broom stick material are locally available. Interestingly previous year it came to the notice of the ETV2, they came to these villages spoke to these tribal communities. We strongly believe that, these communities are going to get huge benefits and create hope for the future among their family members as well as in the society. Thus, the green cover would develop and it would be an ideal to the remaining villagers to come forward and take up the project.

After knowing all these things, many villagers approached us as well the Assistant General Manager, NABARD, Visakhapatnam during his field visit and expressed their interests to become wadi members and its expansion. Answering to tribal communities, the AGMji said ‘now it not possible & the targets were almost completed hence, it is not possible to expand the activity further’.

After gaining experience over these orchards & seen the accessories at N.G.Ranga Agriculture Research Station (RARS), Chintapalli in Visakhapatnam district, the communities understood the importance of accessories & they too opined for its requirement for further development and to do the work on time. We too have a habit of taking them to RARS to educate them on various crops, new varieties learn more important things and pre-cautions to be taken up in their fields pertaining to these orchards and their crops. Then, the wadi members discussed these things in their VDC meetings, come to a conclusion to buy the accessories by pooling the required amount from the amounts received from our institution. As such they purchased the required accessories. The following photographs indicate the above statement.

Again we spoke to AGMji, Visakhapatnam for its expansion and pressure from the communities, reiterating to us sir expressed his inability for its expansion. In view of this, we approached Horticulture Development Authorities at Visakhapatnam explained the complete episode and requested them for their support to carry forward the activity at least in another form.

They understood the enthusiasm of the communities for development had several discussions with us and finally considered our appeal and came forward to support these tribal communities at various villages and asked us to prepare a list village-wise and they were support. Immediately we stepped in, prepared a list of interested beneficiaries and asked them to prepare the fields for plantation. Of course, their support is different from NABARD APRO, Hyderabad. However thanks to the authorities.


RISING OF NURSERY UNDER MAATHOTA -TDF

NABARD has supported us with Rs.2 Lakhs (one lakh per annum) for rising of Nurseries during 2012-13 & 2013-14 thus, we began raising nurseries with various fruit kind of plants viz., Orange, Gooseberry, Papaya, Sapota, Battayi, Kamalafalam etc in cooperation with 400 Wadi members intending to provide income source to tribal communities as well as to keep the ecological balance. For this, we conducted several meetings with those tribal communities, educated them over the program and its utility. After knowing the entire things, communities accepted, participating actively and the work is in progress and may complete in due course of time.


NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

Under this, we took up Community Forest Management Program (CFM) to create awareness among the community to protect the existing forests, plant the required plants for future, improve the forest-based livelihoods and keep the ecological balance. These programs run up to 2007. The Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) has come in that place of CFM to provide a few more benefits to community. With our cooperation, under this program the villagers of Kothapally constructed a check-dam to divert the waters to their agricultural fields. Along with the above, Kothapally villagers have been provided with various benefits by the department of forests such as Two Autos, Tent house, Agricultural implements, Oil Engines etc. Lankapakalu villagers got a Jeep and agricultural implements. Panasalabanda villagers got Two Autos & Agricultural implements. Under this program, we gave them trainings on soil conservation, Non Pest management, Water management & traditional crops.

SMOKELESS CHOOLAUHS
Under the above said Maathota program, we distributed 500 smokeless choolauhs to these wadi members at free of cost to help the women to some extent, reduce the fuel consumption, protect their health and environment. It attracted the communities in the area and many more people have come forward to buy and asked us to supply on payment. As such we too supplied more than 200 Smokeless choolauhs. All these people were using it and found the advantage from it.



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